Increased content of positively charged ions in the atmosphere is one of the most acute problems practically in all big cities of the present-day world. The situation is especially critical in cities situated in desert, in Dubai and Abu Dhabi in particular. Increased amount of positively charged ions in the atmosphere is, first of all, exclusively dangerous for humans. Recurrent headaches, general weakness, irritability, hypertonia, diseases of heart and lungs are just a short list of illnesses, which are directly caused by ion misbalance in the atmosphere. This problem has been thoroughly studied by scientists of many countries and is well described in scientific and popular literature. Nowadays, various household air ionizers are widely introduced. However, it only partially relieves the problem. In 1993 one of Omni Enviro's scientists designed the first in the world magnetic air-spray ion generator, which was fixed in the open area in a resort city Sochi in Russia.
Positive influence of such generator on human health and environment was deeply studied by scientists (see the report attached).
Indicated places for installing magnetic air-spray ion generators:
- Golf clubs
- Open areas of mass gathering of people
- Large palaces
- City squares
- Sea, river and lake embankments
- City lakes
Magnetic air-spray generators can be used for advertising (see the page attached), etc. Installation of magnetic air-spray generators in this area will significantly change the ion balance within the radius of at least 500 meters from the place of installation. The air will become fresh, it will be saturated with oxygen and negatively charged particles, which is very beneficial for human health. Along with ecological effect, working magnetic air-spray systems present an exclusively beautiful view. Billions of particles, glittering like diamonds, hovering in the air create an image of a sparkling cloud during day-time and usage of special light systems during night-time creates an iridescent effect, that will attract large crowds. In addition to that the whole area will be fresh and cool. From the technical point of view, suggested project is exclusively simple and fast to perform. At the same time realization of the project will not require big investments. Usage of such system, magnetic air-spray ion generator, will enable you to make one street of your choice, the "Rainbow Street". Dozens of rainbows will decorate this street and it will make your city unique, beautiful and memorable city.
Review for the Reference Paper
by Prof. Yuri P. Tkachenko and Nikolai A. Gavrikov
AEROIONIZATION SYSTEM WITH MAGNETIC HYDRODYNAMIC ACTIVATION
OF PROF. YURI P. TKACHENKO FOR PREVENTIVE AND MEDICAL PURPOSES
Deterioration of ecological situation in large cities and even in small towns is acquiring menacing scale but measures of fighting the atmosphere pollution are mostly only appeals and projects for a distant future. In this regard hydroaeroionization of the atmosphere is a promising and quite real step.
A very important role of ionization in climate formation and creation of favorable ecological situation was stated by scientists from many countries. A thorough study of the air ionization with regard to months and seasons of the year was conducted in Sochi, Russia. A distinct dependence of the air ionization on fronts' passing during weather changes was found out. Decrease of organism resistance to diseases and decrease in number of hypertension fits cases was observed at high unipolarity coefficient. The above circumstances are scientific facts proving necessity to create artificial hydroaeroionizators suggested by Prof. Tkachenko not only in resort areas but, especially, in cities with low ecological data.
As multiple studies in Russia and abroad showed, after hydrodynamic activation water acquires special medicinal properties, which are provided by magnetized hydroaeroions emitted by hydroaeroionizators.
According to prescription, during spring-summer and summer-autumn months (depending upon latitude, grade of isolation and intensity of the UF-radiation) hydroaeroionization can be combined with sun-baths that considerably increases curative effect.
Therefore, magnetic systems of hydroaeroionization of common use invented by Prof. Tkachenko must be widely implemented in places with polluted air and insufficient greenery.
The Reference on usage of hydroaeroinization equipment designed by Prof. Tkachenko contains a very important information for experts in melioration, agriculture, environment protection as well as doctors and patients in respect of preventive measures and are recommended for practical implementation.
Atmospheric electricity is considered one of the constituents in weather forecasting. The origin of atmospheric electrical phenomena and existence of electrical field in atmosphere were described by Mikhail V. Lomonosov as long ago as in the XVIII-th century. At the beginning of the twentieth century attention of physicists as well as biologists was drawn by presence of charged particles of a special kind - aero-ions - in the air. Natural negative ionization that could be observed near waterfalls, mountain rivers, at the sea-shore, post-rain air ionization provided by balloelectric effect of Lennard were of particular interest.
Natural ionization lies in the basis of designing artificial hydroaeroionizators common for resorts and in health-protection system.
Mechanism of hydroaeroions formation, rise of balloelectric effect in particular, has diverse interpretations and hypothesis that are being studied by groups of physicists, chemists and geophysicists. During last 30-40 years a substantial number of studies were devoted to medical influence of hydroaeroions and aeroions on organism of human beings and animals. Positive therapeutic effect was received in treating many diseases of respiratory organs, caridac-vascular and nervous systems. The most distinctive results were observed in resorts where unipolar negative ionization prevailed.
Works done by Magnetic Technologies LLC prove expediency of fixing artificial hydroaeroionizators not only at resorts but also in different cities for improving ecological situation and health of people. Hydroaeroionizators with magnetic hydrodynamic activation for common use, designed by Prof. Yuri P. Tkachenko, acquire special importance. Pilot project on installation of magnetic hydroaeroionizators was conducted at the embankment of the river Sochi.
Beneficial impact of magnetized water for external and internal application was confirmed by a number of scientific-research institutes, laboratories and doctors' practical experience. This was used as a basis for the present paper. Besides indications and contraindications of magnetic hydroaeroionization for treating various diseases, in the present paper there is a description of its application combined with sun-baths, which should be prescribed as per recommendations of the Sochi Scientific-Research Institute of Resorts and Physiotherapy of the Ministry of Health of Russia
The present reference in hydroaeroionization will, undoubtedly, find a wide spread in medicine and resort studies.
Prof. Nikolai A. Gavrikov
Ph. D., Medicine
Some Physical-Chemical Characteristics And Physiological Properties Of Magnetic Hydroaeroionization
Two centuries ago Traless (1786) described the phenomenon of electricity formation nearby waterfalls. One hundred years later Lennard (1892) found out that while being sprayed water drops acquired positive charge and negative ions were kept in the air. In science that phenomenon was called balloelectric effect.
While performing, hydroaeroionization, both types of ions get formed: atmospheric ions and hydroions. It is possible to artificially reproduce hydroions with the help of a special magnetic system designed by Magnetic Technologies LLC.
From the modem scientific point of view, arising of positive and negative ions at the atmospheric air ionization can be explained by conditions at which positive ions can get formed by breaking from the neutral molecule of electron. Negative ions are formed not only by attaching of the electron, separated from the nitrogen molecule, to another neutral molecule, but also in the result of its capturing by the neutral molecule with larger ionization potential and great likeliness to electron. Such a molecule in free atmosphere, according to E.A.Chemyavsky, should be an oxygen molecule. Basics of the mechanism of arising in the air of positive ions of nitrogen and negative oxygen ions are provided in detail in the book by an Indian author S.K. Mitra (1955) and contributed by further research of various scientists.
In general modem concepts are based on ionizing effect of radioactive substances of space rays, assisting by forming of light gas ions, like ions of oxygen and nitrogen. In nature local Lennard's balloelectric effect happens at water spray in waterfalls, near mountain rivers and powerful fountains.
Abundance of fountains spraying life-giving water in squares and parks has been always considered one of the most important ecological factors in large cities. Usually, as an architectural decoration, fountains were constructed not only in hot climate but in northern cities as well. Picturesque fountains and cascades of Petergof (Russia), in Naples (Italy), Versailles (France) are famous all over the world. Enjoying coolness nearby fountains, people felt surge of cheerfulness, lift of their spirits, release from nervous stress. It was noticed long ago that being near storming sea waves helps in breath deepening, acquiring general calmness, decline of high blood pressure. According to doctors, sea at storm is a "gigantic inhaler".
Attention of scientists, studying influence of sprayed water drops on organism under experimental and natural conditions, was drawn by the fact that general state of both - ill and healthy people - improved. Even the initial research of the 30ies showed that changes in the functional state of the organism could not be explained by psychological influence only though that factor played a certain role. The mechanism of hydroaeroionization action was substantially embellished by further observations.
In 1956 the First International Congress in Bioclimatology was held in Vienna where problemof aeroionization was discussed. In 1960 there was the Second Congress in London. Later problems of hydroaeroionization were studied at many congresses, conferences, symposiums held in Russia and in the other countries. Special attention in Germany, USA and other countries was paid to studies in designing aerosol generators that were widely used in hygienic purposes at various productions (Krupp's plants, mines, porcelain industry, etc.) and also in medicine.
During hydroaeroionization the air stream acting in spraying, knocks several hundreds of water molecules out of the middle of a water drop. These water molecules are negatively charged.
The finest drops soar in the air transferring it additional electrical properties whilst positively charged heavy drops subside down. Thus, both positive n+ and negative n- ions arise and their ratio can be characterized by the formula:
K = n+/n-
K - unipolarity coefficient
Ion concentration in 1 cm3 equals to the sum of positive and negative ions.
In nature value of the unipolarity coefficient usually exceeds 1. However, values of n+,n- and K are not constant and are subjected to noticeable variation provided by different reasons.
Indices brought in literature can not be used in comparison as the figures were taken without considering similarity of conditions. In general we may note that the unipolarity coefficient is within a limit of 1.10 - 1.45 in large cities but it is considerably below 1, up to 0.38, near the sea and, especially, mountain rivers.
As an example we will consider observations made by Nikolay A. Gavrikov in Sochi which clearly demonstrated how significantly average values of some indices of ion composition of the air in a certain can vary during the same periods but in different years.
No less distinct variations were registered in all indices of air ionization at the Sochi seashore during different months of the same year (Table 1).
Air Ionization at the Sochi Seashore During 1993
(Information Provided by Meteorological Station)
Observations were carried out near the sea, on a pebble shore, that was why the average unipolarity coefficient practically did not exceed 1.00 and varied within a limit from 0.71 to 0.97. The lowest figures were observed in August (0.62-0.79), September (0.71-0.76) and October (0.85-0.97).
Difference in Air Ionization at the Resort of Sochi During Warm and Cool Periods of the First Half of the Year (1993)
Annual average concentration of ions in Sochi equals to 598. The concentration is higher during cool half of the year than during the warm half: 665/532. Greater concentration of ions is notices at small hours of the morning and noon throughout a year (Table 2).
Significant differences in the air ionization indices ca be distinguished depending on passing various air masses. The lowest unipolarity coefficient in Sochi was registered in the air masses of temperature zones of sea origin during noon hours (Table 3).
Ion Composition of Air in Air Masses of Different Origin During Noon Hours, Sochi, 1993
(Information of Meteorological Station)
Frontal processes also interfere into ionization contain of the air and during the period of cold frontal passing and larger ion concentration (1067) was observed than during period of warm front and occlusion (Table 4).
Changing of Ion Air Composition in Sochi During Fronts Passing During Noon Hours, 1993
Clinical observations in Sochi found out a noticeable correlation between the frequency of coronary and cerebral vascular disturbances (fits of hypertension, cerebral thrombosis, infarct) and intensified cyclone activity and increased ionization of the atmosphere during these periods (Table 5).
Frequency of Hypertension Fits During Fronts Passing and Under Different Conditions of Air Ionization in Sochi
||Total Number of
As it can be seen from Table 5, only 11% of hypertension fits were registered at the unipolarity coefficient less than 0.8, at the same time over half of the fits were observed at the unipolarity coefficient exceeding 1.3. During this time the number of claims from cardiac patients, fits of stenocardia, sleep disturbances increased.
While studying the influence of air ionization on human organism, there were several possible ways found. Firstly, charges can penetrate into blood by filtration; secondly, aeroions transfer their charges to alveolar wall in lungs with further penetration of the charge into blood; thirdly, accumulation of aeroions in lung alveoli may probably induce electrical phenomena in blood. Possibility of combination of two or even three ways mentioned above can not be excluded wither. Some researchers believe that aeroions mostly affect nervous receptors of the upper respiratory tract not penetrating deep into lungs, strong influence is also exerted through skin. Importance of ions' biological influence on organism is supplemented by a no less significant role of the chemical factor that carries the charge in hydroaeroionization. It is known, that water dissociation formula simplified runs as follows: 2H20 = OH- = OH3+. Created hydroaeroions which are called ions of hydroxyl (OH-) and ions of hydroxonium (OH3+) possess both acid and alkaline properties. An acid-alkaline process takes place at inhaling: oxidation of a substance in the organism happens by breaking hydrogen ions from hydroxonium and reduction - by joining hydroxyl to the molecule of substrate.
One more additional factor can not be but mentioned - magnetic field that has not been referred to in hydroaeroionization earlier. As per Prof. Tkachenko's project, for the first time in the world three hydroaeroionizators of common use were fixed at the embankment of the Sochi river. The hydroaeroionizators sprayed municipal water that had been magnetized.
Creation of such magnetic hydroaeroion system offers wide opportunities for improving health of Sochi's residents and visitors during walking along the embankment.
There are different concepts on physics-chemical phenomena that happen in water during its magnetizing. Interest towards magnetic effects in electrochemicstry is increasing and the sphere of application of magnetic treatment of water is expanding. Usage of magnetized water in chemical and petroleum industries, thermal energetic, mining of natural resources, demineralization of drinking water, microbiology, melioration and agriculture, plants growing, animal-breeding, poultry-breeding, construction industry, production of building materials, etc. is well-known.
In many spheres mentioned above a significant share of scientific works belongs to Prof. Yuri Tkachenko. And at last its worth mentioning that hydromagnetic activation of water takes a special place in medicine. Studies proved a substantial influence of magnetic field exerted on many general processes of the organism's vital activity. New biological and physical and chemical properties were found in tap water that had been magnetizing by special methods. Without going into too many technical and scientific details of experiments and observations, we can safely point out the influence of magnetic field on optical properties of water, ion hydration, electrical conductivity, ductility, chemical reactions, dissolution, coagulation, evaporation and other physical and chemical characteristics.
Medical properties of solutions magnetized by magnetic iron-stone were described as far back as in the XVIth century by a German doctor and natural scientist Philip von Gogengeim who went down in history as Paracels.
Present-day clinical observations and experimental studies proved favorable results gained from internal use of magnetized water for treating disturbances of metabolic processes (salt, lipid and others), coagulating properties of blood, decrease of immune-biological reactivity, etc.
As far as ordinary hydroaeroionization in physiotherapy is concerned, then a great number of scientific works prove noticeable changes in oxidizing-reducing processes that reflect effect of treatment on the organism as a whole - nervous, cardiac-vascular and endocrine systems, immunity. It should also be noted that hydroaeroionization exerts normalizing influence not only on certain diseases (hypertension, for instance) but on healthy people as well if there are any deviations from the norm of physiological indices because of significant physical or mental overstrain. Hydroaeroionization can produce calming and soporific effect, softens reactions in narrowing vessels; and decrease of arterial blood pressure can also be explained by a specific reflex that is provoked from the mucous of air passages.
Therefore, hydroaeroionization has been gaining very wide application in Russia and in other world countries for medicinal, preventive, hygienic and ecological purposes.
Magnetic Aero-Spray Ion Generators As The Means Of Solving Ecological Problems In Large Cities And Industrial Centers
Structure of the atmospheric air close to the surface in large cities and industrial centers is, in fact, a complex heterogeneous system, which includes along with basic components (nitrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide, water gas, etc.) contaminating components, such as carbon monoxide, various nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and a lot of suspended in the air hard particles (dust, soot) of different origin. It should be noted that structure of the atmospheric air changes in time and depends on natural conditions of a certain location, level of perfection of industrial gas-cleaning systems, quantity of vehicles, etc.
As an example. Fig. 3 (on the right) shows results of measuring concentration of carbon monoxide in Sofia (Bulgaria), conducted in 1990 by staff of the Institute of General Physics of the Russian Academy of Science and Institute of Electronics of the Bulgarian Academy of Science. The picture shows fragments of changes of carbon monoxide (CO) time-wise in the center of Sofia (1), in the suburb (2) and Vitosh mountain near Sofia (3). We can clearly see both: stable and low level of pollution of the atmosphere with carbon monoxide in the green zone of the National park and significantly higher, by 100 times, level of pollution in the city center, which changes with time (vehicles' movement).
Obviously, there could be no universal technical means for purifying atmospheric air, therefore, a number of means should be used. On one side these measures should provide optimization of fuel burning at enterprises and in internal combustion engines, on the other side they should provide purification of air from suspended particles and its saturation with negative ions.
It is known, dust micro-particles present in the air are negatively charged, have insignificantly low mass, and, consequently, can not coagulate (due to electrocstatic inter-repulsion) and can not settle onto the ground surface without help of rain, i.e. suspended in the air particles should be hydrated. In other words, it is possible to remove dust particles from the air by spraying water around. However, it should be taken into account that the process of sticking of particles suspended in the air, depends on the degree of their hydration, provided that electrokinetic's potential of their surfaces is equal. Consequently, efficiency of purifying air by spraying water is defined to a large extent by the degree of moistening of dust particles' surfaces. The degree of moistening is characterized by edge angle. The smaller the angle, the higher degree of moistening. Reduction of the angle of moistening is acquired by magnetic treatment of sprayed water by the field of special configuration with certain parameters of magnetic hydrodynamics. It was proved by multiple researches in laboratories and on industrial sites. Fig.4 shows influence of tension of the magnetic field on the edge angle of moistening of micro particles, which contain silicon (Si), while ordinary technical water is being magnetized. Reduction of the angle of moistening by 6°-9°, at a certain flow rate, leads to increase of dust-catching capacity by 2.5-3 times.
Figure 5 depicts experimental dependence of dust-catching capacity of magnetized sprayed water on its rate (curve 1 - angle dust; curve 2 - soil dust). Considering the fact that the edge angle of moistening can be reduced by 13° (see Fig.2), it means that dust-catching capacity of magnetized sprayed water can be increased approximately by 10 times.
Let's consider another effect, which we get at spraying magnetized water.
At water spraying a great number of drops of different size forms. Specially conducted shooting showed that a falling drop acquires a pear-shape form. Process of a falling drop formation is accompanied by transition of volume-wise distributed negatively charged water particles (influenced by magnetic field) to the surface of a drop by coulomb forces of inter-repulsion. It should be mentioned that density of water particles, charged with electrons, is maximal in the "tail" part of the drop. Mini-drops with maximum negative charge and minimum mass separate from the "tail" part of the drop, while it is falling. Consequently, the basic mass of the drop becomes positively charged and it returns to the ground, capturing negatively charged dust particles, present in the air, and mini-drops, negatively charged with excessive number of electrons, ionize the air at physical interaction with air molecules, i.e. the air becomes saturated with negatively charged ions.
Therefore, by using the method of magnetizing sprayed water, two significant effects, environmentally important, are reached: the air is cleaned from dust impurities and it gets saturated with negative ions.
Impact Of Magnetic Aero-Spray Ion Generators On Agricultural Crops
Magnetized water impact on growth and yield of agricultural crops was thoroughly studied and tested in different countries of the world. Magnetic Technologies LLC. owns a lot of scientific material in this domain and it is ready to provide this information to the interested people. This chapter gives only a short list of advantages of application of magnetic air-spray ion generators at irrigating agricultural crops:
- As a rule, the yield increases by 30-60%.
- Vegetative period reduces by 15-20 days.
- Amount of seeds for sowing reduces twice.
- Amount of fertilizers reduces twice.
- Water consumed for irrigation decreases twice.
As it can be seen, these results are indisputable fact of absolute advantages of magnetic technologies for any other existing technologies.